A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is an evaluation of the cardio-pulmonary and the muscular system. It is an important clinical tool to evaluate exercise capacity.
It provides assessment of the integrative exercise responses involving the pulmonary, cardiovascular and skeletal muscle systems, which are not adequately reflected through the measurement of individual organ system functions. This non‐invasive, dynamic physiological overview permits the evaluation of both sub-maximal and peak exercise responses, providing the doctor with relevant information for clinical decision making. CPET is being used increasingly in a wide spectrum of clinical applications for evaluation of undiagnosed exercise intolerance and for objective determination of functional capacity and impairment.
Its applications range from
- evaluating exercise capacity in athletes/ sporting population to take precise training decisions for performance enhancement,
- evaluating people who are looking to get fit fast to prescribe ideal training loads
- estimating exercise tolerance and training loads in patients with heart failure and other cardiac conditions.